India is an
agriculture based country. Hundreds of fruits and vegetables types are
grown in all parts of India. Fresh fruit and vegetable reach small scale
fruits vegetables suppliers, they are then sent to local markets as
well as fruits and vegetables exporters. Last decades have seen the
number of Indian fruit vegetables suppliers and fruits vegetables
exporters rising to an all time high. Especially there has been a steep
rise in the number of vegetable exporters.
production of fruits and vegetables in the world is around 370 MT. India
ranks first in the world with an annual output of 32 MT. While there
are almost 180 families of fruits that are grown all over the world,
citrus fruits constitute around 20% of world’s total fruit production.
Major Indian fruits consist of mango, banana, citrus fruits, apple,
guava, papaya, pineapple and grapes. The fruits are processed into
various products such as fruit juices & concentrates, canned fruit,
dehydrated fruit, jams & jellies etc.
India with its
current production of around 32 million MT of fruit, accounts for about
8% of the world’s fruit production. The diverse agro-climatic zones the
country make it possible to grow almost all varieties of fresh fruits
and vegetables in India. The fruit production in India has recorded a
growth rate of 3.9%, whereas the fruit processing sector has grown at
about 20% per annum. However, the growth rates have been extensively
higher for frozen fruits & vegetables (121%) and dehydrated fruits
& vegetables (24%). There exist over 4000 fruit processing units in
India with an aggregate capacity of more than 12 lakh MT (less than 4%
of total fruits produced). It is estimated that around 20% of the
production of processed fruits is meant for exports, the rest caters to
the defense, institutional sectors and household consumption, Mango and
mango-based products constitute 50% of exports.
India is the second
largest producer of vegetables in the world (ranks next to China) and
accounts for about 15% of the world’s production of vegetables. The
current production level is over 71 million MT and the total area under
vegetable cultivation is around 6.2 million hectares which is about 3%
of the total area under cultivation in the country. In case of
vegetables, potato, tomato, onion, cabbage and cauliflower account for
around 60% of the total vegetable production in the country. Vegetables
are typically grown in India in field conditions, the concept is opposed
to the cultivation of vegetables in green houses as practiced in
developed countries for high yields.
The fruit and
vegetable processing industry in India is highly decentralized. A large
number of units are in the cottage/home scale and small scale sector,
having small capacities upto 250 tonnes/annum. But big Indian and
multinational companies in the sector have large capacities in the range
of 30 tonnes per hour or so. Since liberalisation and withdrawal of
excise duty on fruit and vegetable products there has been significant
rise in the growth rate of the industry.